Telogen effluvium is a type of hair loss that occurs when a large number of hair follicles enter the telogen (resting) phase of the hair growth cycle at the same time. This can result in increased hair shedding and thinning.
There are several factors that can trigger telogen effluvium, including:
- Physical or emotional stress: Stressful events such as surgery, illness, or emotional trauma can disrupt the hair growth cycle and cause hair follicles to enter the telogen phase prematurely.
- Hormonal changes: Changes in hormone levels, such as those that occur during pregnancy or menopause, can also cause telogen effluvium.
- Medications: Certain medications, such as blood thinners, antidepressants, and chemotherapy drugs, can cause telogen effluvium as a side effect.
- Nutritional deficiencies: A lack of certain vitamins and minerals, such as iron, vitamin D, or biotin, can contribute to telogen effluvium.
- Thyroid disorders: Thyroid disorders such as hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism can disrupt the hair growth cycle and lead to telogen effluvium.
The symptoms of telogen effluvium typically include increased hair shedding and thinning, but unlike other types of hair loss, there is usually no visible bald patches or scarring.
The good news is that telogen effluvium is usually a temporary condition, and hair growth typically resumes once the underlying cause is addressed. Treatment options may include managing stress, addressing nutritional deficiencies, adjusting medications, or treating any underlying medical conditions. In some cases, hair supplements or topical hair treatments may also be recommended to promote hair growth. It’s important to talk to a healthcare professional if you are experiencing hair loss to determine the underlying cause and appropriate treatment options.