Androgenetic alopecia, also known as male or female pattern hair loss, is a common form of hair loss that affects both men and women. It is caused by a combination of genetic and hormonal factors, and is the most common cause of hair loss in both sexes.
Androgenetic alopecia is characterized by a gradual, progressive thinning of the hair on the scalp. It typically begins with a receding hairline in men and a widening part in women, and may eventually progress to near-total baldness in severe cases.
The condition is caused by the effects of dihydrotestosterone (DHT) on hair follicles. DHT is a hormone that is produced naturally in the body and plays a role in the development of male sex characteristics. In people with androgenetic alopecia, hair follicles on the scalp are genetically predisposed to be sensitive to the effects of DHT, which causes them to shrink and produce shorter, thinner hairs.
In addition to genetics and hormones, other factors that can contribute to androgenetic alopecia include age, stress, and certain medications. Treatment options for androgenetic alopecia include medications like minoxidil and finasteride, hair transplant surgery, and low-level laser therapy.
While androgenetic alopecia is not a life-threatening condition, it can have a significant impact on a person’s self-esteem and quality of life. Understanding the causes and treatment options for this condition can help people make informed decisions about managing their hair loss and maintaining healthy hair.