Uterine prolapse is a condition in which the uterus slips down from its normal position into the vaginal canal or even protrudes outside the body. It is a common condition in women, particularly those who have given birth vaginally, gone through menopause, or who are overweight.
Symptoms of uterine prolapse may include:
- A sensation of heaviness or pulling in the pelvis
- A bulging or protruding sensation in the vagina
- Urinary incontinence or difficulty emptying the bladder
- Painful intercourse
- Lower back pain
Managing uterine prolapse may involve a combination of lifestyle changes, pelvic floor exercises, and in some cases, surgery. Here are some approaches to consider:
- Pelvic floor exercises: Strengthening the muscles of the pelvic floor can help support the uterus and prevent it from slipping down. Kegel exercises, in which you contract and relax the pelvic floor muscles, are a common way to strengthen these muscles.
- Weight loss: If you are overweight, losing weight can help reduce pressure on the pelvic floor and improve symptoms of uterine prolapse.
- Pessaries: A pessary is a device that is inserted into the vagina to help support the uterus and other pelvic organs. Pessaries come in various shapes and sizes and can be fitted by a healthcare provider.
- Surgery: In severe cases of uterine prolapse, surgery may be necessary. Surgical options include hysterectomy (removal of the uterus), uterine suspension, or the use of mesh to support the pelvic organs.
- Avoiding heavy lifting: Avoid lifting heavy objects that can put pressure on the pelvic floor and exacerbate symptoms of uterine prolapse.
If you are experiencing symptoms of uterine prolapse, talk to your healthcare provider about the best approach to managing your condition. With the right treatment, many women are able to improve their symptoms and maintain good pelvic health.