Uterine cancer, also known as endometrial cancer, is a type of cancer that starts in the lining of the uterus. It is the most common type of cancer of the female reproductive system. Understanding and managing uterine cancer is essential to ensure prompt diagnosis and treatment.
Symptoms: The most common symptom of uterine cancer is abnormal vaginal bleeding, which includes bleeding between periods, after menopause, or heavier periods than usual. Other symptoms may include pelvic pain, pain during intercourse, and an unusual discharge.
Risk factors: Some factors that increase the risk of developing uterine cancer include being overweight or obese, having diabetes, high blood pressure, or an inherited genetic mutation that increases the risk of certain types of cancer.
Diagnosis: If you have any symptoms of uterine cancer, your doctor may recommend some tests to diagnose the condition. These may include a pelvic exam, a transvaginal ultrasound, a biopsy, or a hysteroscopy.
Treatment: The treatment of uterine cancer depends on the stage of the cancer and other factors, such as your overall health and age. The most common treatment options include surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy.
Surgery is usually the first treatment option for uterine cancer. The goal of surgery is to remove the cancerous tissue and any surrounding tissues that may be affected. Depending on the stage of the cancer and other factors, your doctor may recommend a hysterectomy, which involves removing the uterus and cervix, and sometimes the ovaries and fallopian tubes as well.
Radiation therapy uses high-energy radiation to kill cancer cells. It may be used before or after surgery or as the primary treatment for uterine cancer.
Chemotherapy involves the use of drugs to kill cancer cells. It is usually used in advanced or recurrent uterine cancer.
In conclusion, uterine cancer is a serious condition that requires prompt diagnosis and treatment. If you experience any symptoms of uterine cancer, such as abnormal vaginal bleeding, talk to your doctor right away. They can help you understand your options for diagnosis and treatment and provide you with the care you need.