Iodine is an essential micronutrient that plays a critical role in various physiological processes in the body, including the development and maintenance of healthy teeth and bones. Iodine is a component of thyroid hormones, which regulate metabolism and the growth and development of various tissues in the body, including the teeth and bones.
Research suggests that iodine may be important for dental health because it is essential for the development of tooth enamel, which is the hard, protective outer layer of the teeth. Iodine deficiency during pregnancy and early childhood can lead to the development of hypothyroidism, a condition that can result in developmental abnormalities, including enamel hypoplasia, a defect in which the enamel does not develop properly, resulting in weak and brittle teeth.
Adequate iodine intake is important for maintaining dental health, but excessive intake can be harmful. The recommended daily intake of iodine for adults is around 150 mcg per day, but this may vary depending on age, gender, and other factors. Iodine can be obtained from a variety of dietary sources, including iodized salt, seafood, dairy products, and some vegetables.
In summary, iodine is an essential nutrient that plays a critical role in the development and maintenance of healthy teeth and bones by promoting the development of tooth enamel and regulating metabolism and tissue growth.